Sunday, 16 August 2020

Yoga as a way of life for stress management

Yoga Vs Stress Management

You have learned about asana, pranayama, kriya, mudra, bandha, and meditation in an earlier class. However, yoga is not limited to physical postures, breathing techniques, or meditation for a few minutes only rather yoga is a way of life also. It propounds several principles including asana, pranayama, kriya, mudra, bandha, and meditation which are relevant to healthy living. Yogic principles of healthy living are often adopted by all, regardless of age, gender, profession, or place. As for how of life, yoga gives direction about food, eating habits, thinking, recreational means, and conduct. The yogic way of life, if adopted in the true sense, empowers us to deal with stress and in promoting physical and mental health. 

The components of the yogic way of life are:-

  • Ahara (Food). 
  • Vihara (Relaxation). 
  • Achara (Conduct). 
  • Vichara (Thinking). 
  • Vyavahara (Behaviour or actions).

a) Ahara:-
The principles of ahara are related to food consumption. Yoga emphasizes mitahara, which is related to its quality and quantity the food, and also the state of mind when taking food. In terms of quality, the concept of mitahara implies that the food must freshly be cooked, nutritious, nutritious, and in its natural form. Regarding the amount of food, mitahara states that two-quarters of the stomach should be filled with food, a quarter of the stomach
are filled with liquid and the remaining quarter (a quarter) of the stomach should be left empty for the free circulation of air. It means that the amount of food may vary from person to person, depending on the individual requirements. It is natural for an athlete to do this
need more food than someone who works from an office.
Mitahara also advocates that food be eaten positively state of mind with the greatest concentration. You may have noticed if someone is eating while watching TV or is in an angry mood or when his attention is elsewhere, he tends to swallow food without enjoying it. So the mood is bad too important while eating. Mitahara thus emphasizes this good quality and the amount of food should be eaten in a positive frame of mind.

b) Vihara:-
Vihara means relaxation, which may be caused by activities such as exercise, recreation, and artistic activities like drawing, painting, singing, etc. These activities help to manage and channelize our emotions and convey us joy and happiness. Yogic practices of asana, pranayama, and meditation relax body and mind. additionally, to this, relaxation may be attained in an exceedingly good company also. Sound sleep is also important for relaxation. It is, therefore, important that we should regularly follow a timetable that has adequate time for
yogic and artistic activities.

c) Achara:-
Achara means conduct that includes emotions, attitudes, desires, instincts, and habits. Right conduct is essential for a stress-free life. Positive emotions, positive attitudes, good habits, and control on desires help in making us strong, both, individually and socially. The right conduct protects us from unnecessary stress. Therefore, we should have control on our desires, instincts, emotions, habits, and attitudes. Here, yoga is vital because it encourages good conduct in our personal and social life. Yoga advocates for positive emotions and
a positive attitude towards self and other persons. Yogic principles of Yama and Niyama help to develop control on our desires and emotions and bring about peace and harmony.

d) Vichara:-
We know that thoughts are very important because our behavior is guided by the kind of thoughts we have. Our thinking must be positive. Positive thoughts bring joy to our lives; while negative thoughts can make us unhappy. Right thinking leads us to the right
behavior. It helps prevent and manage stress-related health issues. Yoga dictates that one must be positive thoughts. Positive thoughts give us the strength to bear the grief
of life. Yogic practices such as pratyahara and dhyana help us in controlling our thoughts and thereby promoting optimism in life.

e) Vyavahara:-
Vyavahara means actions. Vyavahara is the result of ahara, vihara, achara, and vichara. Yogic philosophy propounds that our actions should be right. We should not be indulged in wrong
activities. Our behavior towards others should be appropriate. KarmaYoga proposes that we should perform the right act with full dedication without worrying about the results. We can remain stress-free and become happy if we follow this philosophy and act accordingly.